Saturday, August 8, 2009


Saturday, August 8, 2009
Almost every time you hear a Christian promote the Roman Bible they
refer to it as the INSPIRED WORD OF GOD. That’s interesting because the
Roman Bible, which we all own, is not the original bible. What is even
more surprising when you DO YOUR HOMEWORK, is that the Jewish and
Roman Orthodox Catholic and Christian Church promote the worship of
evil gods as well as Satanism and paganism. The Judah Jews and Hebrew
Israelites worshiped evil entities as gods, they DID NOT WORSHIP THE
GOD JESUS (YASHUA) SPOKE OF, yet the Hebrew Bible (Old Testament)
was added to the Roman Bible. Hummmmm! These so called gods, who
inspired the Old Testament or Hebrew Bible, are not the real source for
life on earth. The Hebrew Bible or Old Testament is filled with references
to these evil gods and the worship of them. It isn’t until the New
Testament (second half of the Roman Bible) that the real God and creator
of life on earth was introduced. Our real GOD has no name but is
referred to as Our Heavenly Father who is introduced to the readers by
Jesus (Yashua), who came into the world to expose these evil Judah
Jewish and Hebrew Israelite gods and to teach people NOT TO WORSHIP
This picture above is a prophetic description of the Jewish and Roman Orthodox
Catholic and Christian Church in Prophecy. It is a bloodline of people who Jesus
(Yashua) also described as a symbol of corruption. She is called the SCARLET WOMAN
and she rides the BEAST MOVEMENT on earth, which is organized and run by another
satanic hybrid bloodline on earth, which I mention later in this article.
The Roman Bible is actually a document created by different groups of
people with HIDDEN AGENDAS. These people compiled together a
document of letters and stories, which came to be known as the Official
Roman Canon (Bible) in 417A.D. This conglomeration of letters and
stories actually represented the beliefs of many different groups who
worshipped evil entities as gods who were primarily the Hebrew Israelites
and the Judah Jews. The Roman Empire and their armies did not worship
these evil Judah Jewish and Hebrew Israelite gods in the Roman Empire,
they primarily worshipped the god known as Mithra. Mithra symbolism
and Isis worship was transplanted into the Bible and the Jewish and
Roman Orthodox Catholic and Christian Religion under new names so
that people would not realize they were practicing Satanism and
Paganism. These are some of the reasons why the Bible is so
contradictory and why these gods appeared to be so evil in nature.
The first place we need to go is into the Old Testament (Hebrew Bible),
which is the first section of the Roman Bible where we find most of the
worship of these evil gods. You won’t actually find the names for these
gods their because the names for the Jewish and Hebrew gods were taken
out of the Old Testament (Hebrew Bible) leaving only their titles, such as
Lord, LORD, Lord God, LORD God, LORD GOD etc. so that we would not
know which of the evil gods the Jewish and Hebrew people were actually
worshipping in these stories. We are introduced to the main evil god who
is known through out the Old Testament (Hebrew Bible) by his knick
name, which was Jehovah YHWH. The Deuteronomy revisionists decided
to imply that these evil gods were only one god by using only these titles
instead of their names. The reason these scribes, priests, revisionists
etc., left the nick name Jehovah YHWH in the Bible is so that the readers
would think that all these titles referred to this evil jealous god.
These devious authors decided to go with this evil god Yahweh Ildabaoth
the Demiurge (Jehovah YHWH) because HE was the most powerful god in
Israel. Those devious authors, writers and revisionists who engaged in
these activities were guilty of committing what is referred to as the Pious
Fraud and they include the Deuteronomy Revisionists. Yet as obvious and
devious as this deception was, MANKIND IS IGNORANT OF IT TODAY.
Once the Roman Canon (Bible) was compiled 50 copies were sent to the
different newly formed so called Jewish and Roman Orthodox Catholic
and Christian Church’s of the Roman World where they were referred to
as the INSPIRED WORD OF GOD (the gods). Ordinary people were not
allowed to read this satanic pagan Canon for that and many other
reasons, as a matter of fact reading the Canon was a crime and copying it
was a crime people were murdered for doing, such as the early men who
printed the Jewish and Roman Orthodox Catholic and Christian Canon
(Roman Bible) in mass for the general population to read. DO YOUR
HOMEWORK. It is not a coincidence that these men who printed up the
Jewish and Roman Orthodox Catholic and Christian Bible (Roman Bible)
Over time this deception worked. As time passed, people simply DID
NOT KNOW they were worshipping evil entities instead of the real GOD
AND CREATOR because the identity of these separate gods were assumed
to be Jehovah YHWH only. To make matters worse Yahweh Ildabaoth the
Demiurge (Jehovah YHWH) was also assumed to be the God Jesus
(Yashua) came to introduce the world to and the CON GAME WORKED.
The REAL GOD Jesus (Yashua) CAME TO TOWN to tell the world about
was neatly blended in with the evil gods of the Old Testament, who were
worshipped by the Judah Jews and Hebrew Israelites and the resulting
paganism and Satanism became a feature in all Jewish and Roman
Orthodox Catholic and Christian Church’s.
However it was not always that way. A man by the name of Marcion is
actually the person who compiled the first and ORIGINAL BIBLE. As a
matter of fact the New Testament was coined after his Bible. In Marcions
Bible you DID NOT find the Jewish and Hebrew Bible (Old Testament) nor
did you find any references to the worship of their gods. Marcion even
made sure that no Jewish authors promoting Jewish and Hebrew worship
were included in his Original Bible.
Roman Mithra worship, Satanism and paganism were features, which
were also NOT ALLOWED in Marcion Bible. Marcion used most of the
writings in his Bible that can actually be attributed to the apostle Paul
and only parts of Luke etc. for the same reasons. Marcion is said to have
actually had the original copies of the Apostle Paul’s letters, which we
don’t have today. The originals have been destroyed or were deviously
kept from the eyes of every day people by the POWERS THAT BE.
Hummmmm - under the circumstances that is not surprising. Marcion
used writings of people who actually knew Jesus (Yashua) who had first
hand knowledge of what Jesus (Yashua) taught.
We have to remember that most of the 66 (satanic number) books found
in the Roman Bible have unidentified authors meaning that we don’t
know who they were. Not only that but once copied into the Roman Bible
(Canon) the originals disappeared or were destroyed also. All we have is
a copy of a copy of one of Paul’s writings today.
Back in those days if you wanted to be a writer you would attend a school
that specialized in the writings of people like the Apostle Paul. Once you
finished school and started to write, you would sign Paul’s name to your
writings as a sales gimmick. Signing Paul’s name to a letter was simply a
method of telling the reader that you were a follower of Paul or wrote in
the same manner as Paul wrote. Not all the books attributed to Paul were
actually penned by Paul. The debate about which letters are actually
Paul’s letters is still happening today.
The first thing all of us need to do, in an attempt to strip our Bibles of
these Judah Jewish and Hebrew Israelite gods as well as the satanic and
pagan beliefs it promotes, is to rip out the Old Testament from our Bibles
and all books in the new testament written by Jewish or Hebrew authors
who practiced the Jewish and Hebrew religions and promoted Jewish and
Hebrew laws and beliefs. These authors include Matthew, parts of Luke
and the list goes on.
(A short Story)
Marcion was a man who had a huge following who existed long before
those who compiled the Jewish and Roman Orthodox Catholic and
Christian Bible known as the Roman Bible (Canon) 407A.D. The LATER
Roman Church fathers who were attempting to form the OFFICIAL Jewish
and Roman Orthodox Catholic and Christian religions spoke against
Marcion and attacked him as a person and are still doing it today as a
way of discrediting him. When you go on line to read about Marcion what
you find are link after link that take you to articles that people write who
are still trying to discredit Marcion today and most of the authors of
these articles are Jewish or Roman Orthodox Catholic and Christian
authors who are still trying to prevent the truth about the Bible Canon
from surfacing today. Some of these authors are Sleeping Sheeple who
are themselves being deceived by Jewish and Christian dogma and
beliefs. It is hard to find solid trustworthy data on Marcion for that
Marcion was declared a heretic by the LATER organizers of the Jewish
and Roman Catholic and Christian Church because he refused to create a
a religion and Bible glorifying Satanism, paganism and the gods the
Jewish and Hebrew people worshipped, such as Yahweh (Jehovah)
Ildabaoth the Demiurge who Jesus (Yashua) described as a Lion-faced
reptilian (snake) in the Nag Hammadi Scrolls. Marcion stated that the
teachings and beliefs of the Judah Jews and Hebrew Israelites went
against or ran contrary to what Jesus (Yashua) taught.
About one hundred years after the death and resurrection of Jesus, a
young man from the once-prosperous Black Sea port of Sinope discovered
Paul's letter to the churches in Galatia and was captivated by the apostle's
Gospel of Grace. Marcion had been raised as a Jewish and Roman
Orthodox Catholic Christian. His father was a leader of the local church.
He was required as a child to read the Gospels of Jesus (Yashua) and the
Jewish Scriptures that SUPPOSEDLY foretold the coming of the Jesus
(Yashua). All his life Marcion had been told that Jesus was the real
Messiah, but as he reflected on what Paul wrote to the Galatians.
Christians, he became increasingly troubled. Paul had warned adamantly
against those people and powerful “Elite” leaders who preached the Law
which was practiced by the (Judah Jews and Hebrew Israelites) because
they sought to rob TRUE Christians of their freedom and bring them back
into the bondage of the evil satanic and pagan beliefs practices by the
Judah Jewish and Hebrew Israelite “Elite.” Marcion referred to the
teaching of the Jewish and Hebrew “Elite” and their gospels as different
gospels from what Jesus (Yashua) and his followers used and cursed
them. These preachers of the Law called themselves Jews because they
worshipped the Jewish religion and the evil Jewish and Hebrew gods.
These “Elite” operated their religions out of Judea primarily, while Jesus
(Yashua) “THE NAZARENE” came from a Nazarene Village in northern
Israel, in GALILEE, where he lived and preached a DIFFERENT RELIGION
Followers of Jesus (Yashua) were frightened by these Jewish and Hebrew
“Elite” leaders and hid the shadows. They would tend to follow and
quote them out of fear and because they didn’t know any better and that
included Barnabas and Peter.
It became increasingly clear to Marcion that only Paul understood the
gospels of Jesus (Yashua). Paul was unique in that he had received a
direct revelation from the risen Jesus. It became evident that ONLY Paul
could be trusted; the other apostles were always frightened and tainted
by their Jewish heritage and the Jewish and Hebrew teachings they grew
up with and these beliefs are evident when you read the letters in the
New Testament that were attributed to them.
These followers would take what Jesus (Yashua) taught and try to blend it
in with the old Jewish and Hebrew teachings. Jesus (Yashua) warned
them by saying:
"No one tears a piece from a new garment and puts it on an old garment.
If he does, he will tear the new, and the piece from the new will not match
the old. And no one puts new wine into old wineskins. If he does, the new
wine will burst the skins and it will be spilled, and the skins will be
Marcion understood that the new wine was a reference to Jesus
(Yashua’s) new gospel teachings, where the old wine and wineskins were
a reference to the religion of the Jews and Hebrew Israelites and their
Torah, laws and teachings. What Jesus (Yashua) taught was not a
continuation of the story begun with Abraham; IT WAS AN ENTIRELY
NEW STORY. By relying on Jewish Scriptures, the newly forming group,
calling themselves Christians, were contaminating the teachings of Jesus
(Yashua), making the newly evolving Christian gospels a "different
gospel" from the gospel Jesus (Yashua) taught. To be truly free, Jesus
(Yashua’s) Church and the newly forming Christian Religion had to sever
any connection with Judaism.
Marcion tried to explain the difference between the prophesied coming of
the Jewish and Hebrew Messiah with the identity and coming of Jesus
(Yashua) to his father and other early Christians, but met only rejection.
The Messiah promised in the Hebrew Scriptures bore little resemblance to
Jesus (Yashua). For that matter, to Marcion, the God of the Hebrew
Scriptures seemed something quite different than the loving God who
offered salvation through grace, which was taught by Jesus (Yashua). But
the more Marcion questioned and challenged the accepted beliefs of the
ruling “Elite”, the more impatient his father became.
Once others began to learn of Marcions ideas and accept them, Marcions
father ordered him to be silent. He reportedly told Marcion:
"You are creating divisions with your silly speculations. I am an overseer
of this church, and I cannot have my own son teaching such nonsense.
Either cease and repent or leave Sinope."
Well THAT DIDN’T WORK. Driven by his deep convictions and a passion
for Our Heavenly Father and His Son Jesus (Yashua), Marcion reluctantly
packed his bags and assembled a small entourage for a journey into the
discovery of the real religion which Orthodoxy would one day over
shadow and CHANGE FOREVER. He regretted leaving his home and the
thriving shipping business that had earned him a small fortune at the age
of forty, but these worldly concerns were of little consequence to him
when the future of Our Heavenly Fathers church was at stake.
The biggest problem he faced was where to go. He wanted to meet with
church leaders who would be open enough to listen to him and to
appreciate the validity of his beliefs. He considered Antioch, which was
thought of as the great missionary church that had first sponsored Paul's
missions to the Gentile world. He thought about Ephesus, where Paul had
spent his longest uninterrupted period of teaching. Then their was
Corinth, which was the church Paul seemed the most passionate over but
decided not to go there either. Marcion also considered a more free
society in Athens where all ideas were heard and considered, where free
speech availed. However ultimately Marcion chose Rome, which was the
capital of the empire. Rome was also Paul's final resting place. Marcion
wanted his teachings to gain broad acceptance and Rome, which was the
festering pot of ideas and the people lived who worshipped several
different gods. In Rome the Judah Jewish and Hebrew religions was
barely tolerated and education was valued more than religion. Marcion
believed that he would gain an audience and following there. Rome was
the center of the wheel with spokes that spread out all over the world.
From Rome Marcion could bring about the needed changes that were
necessary in the newly forming Christian religion.
He arrived in Rome in the third year of Emperor Antoninus 140A.D. to
discover that the primary leader of the Roman church, who was Hyginus,
had recently died. His death created a leadership void in the newly
forming Christian movement that Marcion wanted to fill. Marcion saw a
Divine hand in his death and thought that he might ascend into the
Roman Episcopal leadership there. As a leader he could engineer and
eradicate the Jewish influence in this newly forming Christian movement.
To demonstrate his commitment to the Roman church, he donated a
sizeable portion of his fortune to this movement, which was two hundred
thousand sesterces, an amount equal to the daily wage of fifty thousand
unskilled laborers. Marcion was optimistic and confident that he had
what was necessary to DO THE JOB AND DO IT WLL. He knew there
would be opposition from the Jewish element in the newly forming
Christian Church movement, as a matter of fact he was so sure of his
mission that he boasted his opinion to at least one Roman religions
leader saying that he would:
"divide your Church and cause within her division, which will last
During his four years in Rome, Marcion became increasingly frustrated by
the lack of a stable organized religious structure. The newly forming
Christian movement was made up of various splinter groups that were
spread out all over the Roman Empire. Each group had it’s own
individual leader. It was impossible to identify a citywide leader of the
church. Unlike Sinope, where the entire church was one organization,
there were dozens of Christian groups meeting in homes and apartments
across the huge city. He met several times with Pius, an overseer of the
largest congregation, but Pius rejected him. For a time, he befriended a
man named Hermas, who shared his concern over the lack of a coherent
church structure but disagreed as to the why it was happening. Hermas
viewed the moral corruption in the church as the primary threat to the
church. The Judah Jews and Hebrew Israelites were promoting their
messiah (Christos), which was obviously a different entity than Jesus
(Yashua) (Chrestos). The Jews did not consider Jesus (Yashua) (Chrestos)
to be their messiah.
Hermas made this statement:
"The church must be like a white tower composed of stones of such
purity that the tower itself becomes as a single stone,"
But regardless of the stones, the tower will fall if the foundation is
faulty." The foundation of the church is Christos Himself, how can there
be any fault in Him?"
Marcion disagreed and said:
"It is not Christos - the Jewish Messiah - who is the foundation, but
Chrestos, the Holy One of God.”
The church is infected with the virus which their was no cure for and that
virus was the Hebrew Scriptures that was being blended into the newly
forming Christian movement. Marcion stated:
“The religion of Chrestos is new wine, and it can't be held in the old
Hermas was a promoter of Jewish and Hebrew Scriptures and because of
the he stated:
"I don't know what you're talking about, Marcion. I think perhaps you are
a broken stone lying on the ground." He rose and walked away, shaking
his head and mumbling.
Marcion also believed that woman should have their rightful role in the
newly forming Christian movement, as did Jesus (Yashua) where male
dominance was the rule of law practiced by all Jewish and Hebrew
religious leaders since the creation of the Jewish and Hebrew religions.
One of the most significant associations Marcion had in Rome was with
Cerdon, a teacher from Syria who had, like Marcion, traveled to Rome to
promote his views. Roman Christians viewed Cerdon, as interesting and
as a curious personality. Cerdon taught about two creating gods - ONE
GOOD, ONE BAD. The bad one was described by Jesus (Yashua) in the
Nag Hammadi Scrolls as a lion-faced reptilian entity know as Yahweh
Ildabaoth the Demiurge (Jehovah YHWH) who was worshipped by the
Judah Jews as god. To Cerdon, the evil nature of the Demiurge was selfevident
to anyone who took the time to look around at the world and see
the horrors he had created. Cerdon had an elaborate cosmology (list of
who came first) of deities. In Cerdon's elaborate cosmology, the Demiurge
was only an emanation of the perfect Good God, but like the product of a
sloppy copyist, he was full of flaws, which were self-evident. Cerdon
claimed that salvation came through the knowledge of who this evil god
imposter was. Cerdon claimed that simply knowing who this evil god was
freed the soul from the control of the Demiurge.
Pictured in the drawing above you see Marcion (left) with John (right).
Marcion is said to be bringing Scriptures to John from the Pontic
Like Cerdon, Marcion also believed that the inconsistent and evil nature
of Yahweh Ildabaoth the Demiurge (Jehovah) was obvious.
For an example; in the Hebrew Scriptures, the Jewish god Yahweh
Ildabaoth the Demiurge (Jehovah YHWH) had to ask Adam where he was
(Genesis 3:9), where Jesus, with his God given abilitities, could perceive
human thoughts utilizing some form of mental telepathic which in abled
him to know the answers he wanted he didn’t have to ask. (Luke 5:22).
Yahweh Ildabaoth the Demiurge (Jehovah YHWH) taught his people the
concept of "an eye for an eye" in (Exodus 21:24), where Jesus taught his
followers that the abusing of, or killing and eating of any humans,
animals, birds, reptiles etc., on earth was against the original laws of Our
Heavenly Father and his intent was to create a community on earth that
was based on brotherly love not war where mankind needs to practice
more of the "turn the other cheek" idea on a daily basis (Luke 6:29).
Yahweh Ildabaoth the Demiurge (Jehovah YHWH) demanded isolation
from woman who were menstruating (Leviticus 15:19,25), menstruating
woman were considered to be unclean by the Judah Jewish and Hebrew
Israel “Elite,” while Jesus healed a menstruating woman in (Luke 8:43-44).
Yahweh Ildabaoth the Demiurge (Jehovah YHWH) promoted divorce
(Deuteronomy 24:1), where Jesus condemned it (Matthew 19:8).
Yahweh Ildabaoth the Demiurge (Jehovah YHWH) created both good and
evil (Isaiah 45:7), but according to Jesus (Yashua) Our Heavenly Father
had "no darkness at all" that his original creation on earth was good (1
John 1:5).
Yahweh Ildabaoth the Demiurge (Jehovah YHWH) was a jealous entity
(Exodus 20:5), but Our Heavenly Father promoted love and "knew no
jealousy" (1 Corinthians 13:4).
Yahweh Ildabaoth the Demiurge (Jehovah YHWH) is an evil, threatening
and unforgiving entity (Exodus 20:5), where Jesus (Yashua) instructed his
followers to forgive "seventy times seven" (Matthew 18:22-23) which is
the way we are to treat people who sin against us. Paul taught that
“Loves bears all things, believes all things, hopes all things and endures
all things.” Jesus (Yashua) taught his followers that their was power in
love and unseen power which was a form of protection against the DARK
SIDE. Yahweh Ildabaoth the Demiurge (Jehovah YHWH) was obviously
not the Father God Jesus (Yashua) came into the world to introduce.
Marcion accepted that the Hebrew Scriptures as the literal truth of
Yahweh Ildabaoth the Demiurge only and understood that it was this evil
god that the Judah Jews and Hebrew Israelites worshipped, however their
truths were very different truth from what Jesus (Yashua) taught. He also
saw some good in Yahweh Ildabaoth the Demiurge, so he didn't view as
entirely "evil." What he saw in Yahweh Ildabaoth the Demiurge (Jehovah
YHWH) was inconsistent justice that was contradictory to what Jesus
(Yashua) taught.
Marcion spent a great deal of time pouring over his personal copies of
Christian writers, in his day, in order to compile the Original Bible and in
the process became a recluse at times. His Pontic companions worried
that he was deathly ill, since he barely slept or ate when he was
researching, but he emerged from one of these periods with a completed
book he called the Antithesis in which he painstakingly catalogued the
OBVIOUS differences between Yahweh Ildabaoth the Demiurge (Jehovah
YHWH) and Our Heavenly Father. He concluded that Yahweh Ildabaoth
the Demiurge (Jehovah YHWH) was nothing more than the Jew's tribal
god, while the God spoken of by Jesus (Yashua) was really unknown to
mankind when Jesus (Yashua) CAME TO TOWN. Marcion was not the only
one who described Yahweh Ildabaoth the Demiurge (Jehovah YHWH) as a
tribal god specifically associated with the Judah Jews.
To Marcion Yahweh Ildabaoth the Demiurge (Jehovah YHWH) was a slavemaster,
enacting very unfair laws and then punishing any Judah Jew who
failed to comply with them.
According to the writings of the followers of Jesus (Yashua) he did not
die on the cross to save people from sin, which was not the fault of
mankind anyway, but to keep mankind from the bondage of Yahweh
Ildabaoth the Demiurge and the evil gods the Hebrew Israelites also
worshipped in Northern Israel, which I am not covering in this article.
How his death accomplished that we don’t know. However, these evil
gods did seem to leave the surface of our three dimensional world to
remain primarily underground and in other dimensions, where at one
time they trafficked openly on the surface of our planet.
In the summer of 144A.D., Marcion addressed a group of Roman elders
and teachers he had invited to visit with him under the pretense that he
was going to be discussing the wineskin passage found Luke 5:36-38. It
didn't take his guests long to recognize that their host had no interest in
dialogue over the wineskins but instead his actual intent was to introduce
the idea of two gods to his guests and then engage in dialogue. His
guests were not happy and responded in a variety of ways, most of which
were negative. They claimed that what was Marcion was attempting to
teach was the same thing Cerdon taught which was Blasphemy. They
said things like:
"What you are teaching is nothing new.
“That's what Cerdon teaches,"
What you are teaching is “Blasphemy!"
"The apostles clearly teach that Jesus is the son of the Creator"
"Small wonder your father ex-communicated you,"
“What you preach is dangerous."
"The Romans begrudgingly respect the Jews because of the antiquity of
their religion, and we enjoy a modicum of protection by claiming descent
from them. If you remove the association, we'll become something
Romans abhor - novel.”
“It'll be open season on the church.”
“Nero's persecutions will look like a child's game by comparison" to what
Christians will go through.”
Marcion could understand the persecution the newly evolving Christian
Church would go through, but he didn't care. To Marcion “Truth was
Truth,” regardless of the consequences. Marcion was bitterly
disappointed that the Roman church failed to fulfill his expectation of a
friendly reception. He had hoped to gain the Roman Episcopal leadership
position where he could send missionaries across the Mediterranean
world to spread the true gospel, but he now realized he would have to do
it himself. Marcion then went to Pius, who was the closest thing he could
find to a leader of the church, and announced his intentions to leave.
According to the records we have Pius told Marcion:
"That may be for the best," Pius said with a shrug. "Under the
circumstances, I think I should return your donation to the church. If
you'll send your representative tomorrow, I will have it ready for you."
Marcion left Rome two days later by boarding one of his own ships at the
port of Ostia. The previous donation he had given in support of his cause
now looked like a bribe but he now needed that money to support his
evangelistic plans.
Marcion realize that one reason the Judah Jews and Hebrew Israelites had
gained such a strong position in Israel was because they had a written
record of their convoluted history known as the Hebrew Scriptures (Bible)
aka (Old Testament). These Hebrew Scriptures did not prophesy the
coming of Jesus (Yashua), instead the prophesied a Jewish or Hebrew
Messiah, however they did provided documentation of their history,
which the newly forming Christian Church did not have as yet. Marcion
believed that it would benefit his newly forming church to have its own
body of writings, ones that would be authoritative in determining its
beliefs and practices. During his Mediterranean voyage, while his ship
was sailing south along the Italian peninsula, he returned to his collection
of Christian documents. The first thing Marcion did was to reject the
gospels of both Matthew and John immediately. Marcion could clearly see
that Matthew's account was clearly filled with the Jewish attitudes and
beliefs. Marcion noticed that both were penned by Jewish authors that
either misunderstood Jesus (Yashuas) teachings and mission or simply
doctored Matthew with the Judah Jewish or Hebrew Israelite beliefs and
dogma. Marcion then wrote the Evangelicon in which he chose Luke's
account, primarily because Luke was both a Gentile and an associate of
Marcions hero, the Apostle Paul.
When Marcion reviewed Luke's Gospel, he recognized that Jewish-
Christian copyists must have inserted the Judeo centric material found in
it, so he simply removed it. Once you read the version of Luke you find
in the New Testament today, which still has the Judeo centric beliefs in it,
you will notice the Jewish paganism that was slipped into because the
Jewish and Roman Orthodox Catholic and Christian founders wanted it in
The birth story at the beginning of Likes Gospel, which is considered by
the Jewish and Roman Orthodox Catholic and Christian to be the official
accepted gospel today, obviously had to go according to Marcion, since
Jesus (Yashua could not have had a physical body that was the product of
the cloning of Yahweh Ildabaoth the Demiurge (Jehovah’s YHWH) or an
illusive angel engaged in the same tyranny. Also according to the
followers of Jesus (Yashua) both Mary and Joseph were the biological
parents of Jesus (Yashua).
Jesus was not a Judah Jew or a Hebrew Israelite nor did he have the same
bloodline. Jesus (Yashua) was a Nazarene. The Nazarene’s were a
Scandinavian tribe who lived in northern Israel in what was called Galilee
then. Judah Jewish and Hebrew Israelite bloodlines were very different.
The Nazarene bloodline was a holy and sacred bloodline that went back
to the original creation of mankind. The Nazarene’s had special gifts and
talents other people did not have.
Other issues that had to be removed from the New Testament Marcion
was compiling were references to woman. Marcion believed woman
should have a honored place in the church as did Jesus (Yashua) yet the
Judah Jews and Hebrew Israelites and Roman authorities declared woman
second class citizens almost akin to slaves. They considered
menstruating woman unclean while Jesus healed a menstruating woman
in (Luke 8:43-44).
The initial reference to the Jewish John the Baptist was expunged by
Marcion also, as was the genealogy of Jesus, which Paul also claimed was
a false genealogy. He also removed Luke’s reference to Jesus (Yashua’s)
temptation by the Devil. His Evangelicon began with:
In the fifteenth year of Tiberius Caesar when Pontius Pilate was the
governor of Judea, Jesus (Yashua) and John the Baptist traveled to
Capernaum, which was a city in Galilee in Northern Israel, where John
was teaching and baptizing. In this letter the doctrines Jesus (Yashua)
taught astonished his listeners.

He describes what Jesus (Yashua) taught this way:
"Oh wonder over wonder, at once rapture, potency and astonishment,
good news that leaves one speechless, not rightly able to fully
comprehend, nor capable of drawing comparisons with anything know."
Then Marcion wrote the Apostolikon, which included ten of the Pauline
letters. He did not include (1 Timothy, 2 Timothy, and Titus), which had
also been altered by the scriptwriters. Galatians, in Marcions view, was
the most important book of the Apostolikon since it contained both an
unequivocal pro-faith, pro-grace, anti-law statement (2:16) and a
thorough excoriation of the role of Jewish practices, which included
practices such as circumcision, feasts, bloody animal sacrifices etc. Even
in Galatians, however, he had to make a few corrections, which were
added by the script writers, copyists or copy pasters, etc. 1:4-5 This
added data had to go because they indicated Jesus died for the
forgiveness of sins rather than his attempt to rescue humanity from the
control of Yahweh Ildabaoth the Demiurge (Jehovah YHWH) and the
other gods. Paul's testimony of his own Jewish roots (1:13-14) was also
an obvious Jewish addition, as was the comparison between Peter's
mission to the Jews and Paul's to the Gentiles in 2:8.
Throughout the voyage, Marcion practiced his editorial skills, eliminating
the Judah Jewish and Hebrew Israelites centered additions and
occasionally restoring words that had obviously been left out in the
copied versions. He added very brief introductions to each book17, and by
the time his ship docked at Seleucia, he had his documentation, which
were the Scriptures he knew would be familiar to Christian movement of
Jesus (Yashua’s) followers, that would also thoroughly validate his
teachings. Marcion decided to begin his missionary activities in Antioch.
His intent was not to establish a new church, but to restore what Paul had
originally accomplished before Judaizers contaminated it. As he entered
the city, he was filled with confidence, anticipation and evangelical fervor.
With the truth, validated by Paul's original words, he had no doubts he
would be successful in his mission.
From the beginning, he determined that the churches he restored would
not suffer from the kind of moral laxity Hermas saw in the Roman church
where strict discipline was expected of his church members.
In this false Christian Churches, procreation was designed to served the
purposes of Yahweh Ildabaoth the Demiurge (Jehovah YHWH) and all
sexual relations, including marriage were forbidden by ordinary
people. Only the sexually pure (virgins) could be baptized, and married
members renounced their vows and lived separately.
Let’s stay with this thought for a moment:
Why was procreation to serve only the purpose of Yahweh Ildabaoth
the Demiurge and the answer is that Yahweh Ildabaoth the Demiurge
bred with woman to create his own hybrid royal bloodline. This same
thing happened in Northern Israel where the woman were raped and
bred to create the royal hybrid Nordic Aryan Alien “Fallen Elohim
Watchers”’ bloodlines. Many of these sexual lesions resulted in the
birth of the evil giants. The hybrid bloodlines of the Judah Jews
would live on to create the formation of the Jewish and Roman
Orthodox Catholic and Christian Church, where the hybrid bloodline
of the Nordic Aryan Alien “Fallen Elohim Watchers” would live on to
create the evil bloodlines that rule our world today who are bring us
Jesus (Yashua) described the Jewish and Roman Orthodox Catholic and
Christian Church as the “Scarlet Woman,” and the “Elite” bloodlines
that are bringing in the New World Order as the “Beast System.”
In prophecy the “Scarlet Woman and Beast” associated with each other.
The “Scarlet Woman” is actually riding the beast.
The false Roman Church also regimented Jewish fasting practices that
were not practiced by Jesus (Yashua) Nazarenes.
Unlike the Judah Jewish and Hebrew Israelite teachings, in the original
Christian church structure of the Nazarene movements, women served in
positions of relative authority that was similar in nature to the
"Orthodox" MEN ONLY structure where the church incorporated the
bishops, presbyters, deacons etc.
Marcionites were just as committed to their religious beliefs and
practices as their Jewish and Roman Orthodox Catholic and Christian
brethren were.
In his Church History, Eusebius Pamphilius, reports numerous
Marcionites who suffered martyrdom for their beliefs. The Jewish and
Roman Orthodox Catholic and Christian Church movement is responsible
for the murder of millions upon millions of people through out history.
To DO YOU HOMEWORK on the subject start with the Inquisitions.
In just six short years after Marcion left Rome, the number of those
referring to themselves, as Marcionites equaled that of other Christian
groups. Marcion succeeded in establishing his restored Pauline churches
in virtually every city, and unlike later Gnostic sects, they did not meet
with those groups promoting Jewish beliefs. As a matter of fact
Marcionism became the first real separate denomination of the
Jewish/Christian movement. Marcions startlingly success and the rapid
growth of Marcionism was mentioned in a comment made by Justin
Martyr in about 150, who was not at all happy with the Marcionite
"(T)here is Marcion, a man of Pontus, who is even at this day alive, and
teaching his disciples to believe in some other god greater than the
Creator. And he, by the aid of the devils, has caused many of every
nation to speak blasphemies..." (Apology 26, Roberts-Donaldson
translation at, emphasis added)
Justin didn't consider Marcionites to be genuine Jewish Roman
Christians, which THEY WERE NOT. Marcionism continued to thrive well
into the fourth century. Unfortunately early Jewish and Roman Orthodox
Catholic and Christian leaders attacked Marcion from every direction
trying to discredit him and the original Bible he compiled. In 155A.D.
Polycarp, declared him the “first-born of Satan”. They threw everything
at him but the kitchen sink in order to discredit him and are still doing it
In about 176A.D. (probably after Marcions death), Irenaeus mentioned
Marcion repeatedly in the volumes he wrote Against Heresies." Tertullian
wrote a five-volume document Against Marcion in 207A.D. Hippolytus'
attacked Marcion and his religion in the Refutation of All Heresies in
about 220A.D. Then in the fourth century Epiphanius' attacked Marcion
and his Bible again in his Panarion and the list goes on.
Today these same Jewish and Roman Orthodox Catholic and Christian
writers are still attacking and attempting to discredit Marcion and his
work. Stay away from these people online or at least realize that these
DEBUNKERS take up most of the links you can click into in your
Goggle Search’s as you seek to Goggle information regarding Marcion.
Buyer Beware
The untold attacks against Marcion and his Bible are a testament to the
appeal of Marcions message and his Bible. Unfortunately without
Marcion the sects of Marcionites died, however they did managed to
persist in isolated areas until the 6th century.
MARCION WAS NOT A GNOSTIC, as some neo-Gnostics claim. There were
many differences. The most important difference in their beliefs is that
Marcion was a firm believer in the fact that salvation came only through
the grace of God, while Gnostics taught that (self) knowledge (gnosis) was
the path to salvation. Radical Gnosticism is akin to the New Age religion
of today. Again be careful online, not all people who were considered to
be Gnostic were evil, Jesus (Yashua) and his followers could be
considered to be Gnostic as well. Buyer Beware.
Some would have considered Marcion a protestant today.
In the picture above Martin Luther is defending Marcions position to the
religious leaders at the Diet of Worms in 1521.
Some might consider Marcion to be a precursor to Martin Luther. They
both had a lot in common. Both boldly challenged the status quo
because of their deeply held convictions against the satanic and pagan
influences of the Jewish and Roman Orthodox Catholic and Christian
Church founders. Both initially sought to reform the church, not start a
new one. Both received exhaustive angry belittling attacks and responses
from the ruling “ELITE”. Most importantly, both championed the
fundamental biblical truth of salvation through the grace of our Heavenly
The letters that eventually found their way into the Jewish and Roman
Orthodox Catholic and Christian New Testament had been floating
around in circles for quite some time. Marcions Bible was the first canon
to be compiled into a New Testament. His Bible first appeared some time
around 145 A.D. Nearly four decades earlier, Polycarp wrote a letter to
the church at Philippi and in that letter he quoted or referred to eighteen
of the twenty seven (67%) letters which eventually found their way into
the Jewish and Roman Orthodox Catholic and Christian New Testament.
By that time however, Judaizers had doctored them.
As a matter of fact the vast majority of what were considered to be the
Christian writings today, were already recognized years before Marcions
Bible came into print. However some of them clearly appear to have been
written by unknown authors such as 2 Peter, Jude, 3 John, James, and
Revelation and they remained disputed for another two hundred years!
In the fourth Century, Eusebius stated:
"Of the disputed books, which are nevertheless familiar to the majority,
there are extant the Epistle of James, as it is called; and that of Jude; and
the second Epistle of Peter; and those that are called the Second and
Third of John, whether they belong to the evangelist or to another of the
same name" (III.25,3).
It is not until 367A.D, which is more than two hundred years after
Marcion compiled his Bible that Athanasius of Alexandria introduces a
complete list of ACCEPTED canonical books in the (39th Festal Letter).
Works like the Epistle of Barnabas and the Apocalypse of Peter found their
way into "official" Jewish and Roman Orthodox Catholic and Christian
Bibles as well. The FORMAL ADOPTION of the canon by the Jewish and
Roman Orthodox Catholic and Christian Church organizers did not
happen until the second council of Carthage in 419A.D., nearly 300 years
after Marcions New Testament was compiled.
An important piece of information for you readers is that Paul was
accepted into the Jewish and Roman Orthodox Catholic and Christian
canon because of Marcion. Once accepted nearly every extant early
Christian document quotes from the Pauline writings and treats him with
the deepest respect. Even within the Jewish and Roman Orthodox
Catholic and Christian Canon, Peter refers to Paul as his "beloved
brother" and his letters as Scripture (2 Peter 3:15-16), could that
statement be why some skeptics often challenge the authenticity of 2
Peter. Skeptics who do not want TRUTH TO PREVAIL IN THE END.
In Clements writings to Paul’s Corinthian church that he wrote on behalf
of the Jewish and Roman Orthodox Catholic and Christian Church, late in
the first century, Clement quoted from (Titus, 1 Corinthians, Hebrews
and Philippians). In his seven authentic letters written about 107A.D.,
Ignatius of Antioch also quoted from Romans, 1 Corinthians, Ephesians,
Colossians, and 1 Thessalonians. Polycarp in 108A.D. quoted from every
Pauline letter except Colossians, Titus, and Philemon. Paul's letters were
widely distributed and quoted long before Marcion compiled them into
the first New Testament, which is impressive. Sadly by the time the
Jewish and Roman Orthodox Catholic and Christian Canon became a
FORMALLY ACCEPTED DOCUMENT in 419A.D., Marcionism was in
decline, particularly in the west. The fact that Marcion had removed the
added Jewish comments, written in by scribes and people with hidden
agenda’s didn’t help because the New Jewish and Roman Orthodox
Catholic and Christian religionists wanted the Jewish misinformation,
disinformation and lies in the OFFICAL CANON. It was because of this
that the evil founders of the Jewish and Roman Orthodox Catholic and
Christian movement (Marcions opponents) would not consider Marcions
New Testament authoritative.
Marcion had access to original copies of Pauline letters where these
original copies were destroyed or hidden away by the later organizers of
the Jewish and Roman Orthodox and Christian Church. Today all we
have is a copy of a copy of one of Paul’s letters. The Roman Empire rerouted
the road that lead into and out of Sinope where Marcion was from
originally so one of the snide comments made by Marcions enemies and
“Why would anyone think someone in Sinope would have more reliable
copies of Romans, 1-2 Corinthians, Ephesians, Philippians, or 1-2
Thessalonians” then those found in Rome. Among the recipients of
Pauline letters, only Galatia was relatively close to Pontus where Sinope
was not. There is no reasonable basis on which to suppose Marcion had
original copies of Pauline letters when others did not.”
Yet it is very likely the originals were floating around back in Marcions
Marcions impact on Church History was largely very positive"
Marcions religion and New Testament was the closest to the organic faith
that Christ (Yashua) preached.
It would be inappropriate to blame Marcion for the errors of others.
Ultimately, too much of the story of the church from the second century
forward, includes the all-too-familiar worship of evil gods Satanism,
paganism and the human struggle for power, which is exactly what Jesus
(Yashua) taught some 2000 years ago. We need to be reminded time and
again that Jesus (Yashua’s) ministry was directed at those who had been
back stabbed and made to feel like second class citizens by the
institutional religion of the Judah Jews, Hebrew Israelites and Rome at
the time.
From the moment of Jesus (Yashua’s) birth, WHICH WAS NOT
“ELITE”, the knowledge of his birth was given to shepherds. To the meek
who would one day inherit the earth and regain their divine right to rule.
Too many forgot that today.
This link below will take you to Myron’s simple Blog format. Myron
has agreed to publish my articles so that I can keep my anonymity. I
have chosen not to create a website of my own for safety and security
reasons. Myron promises to keep my anonymity. Here is the link to
his blog:
This link below will take you to one of my articles “The Reds.” The
owner of this website: Unexplained Net also publishes some of my
other articles under various names such as Neil so that I can keep my
Unexplainable.Net (The Reds)
Myron’s blog will not post any offensive blogs of any kind nor will
this blog respond to bloggers who engage in this kind of behavior.
This blog is a place to go to honestly discuss what is happening
today and is not a venue to promote the DARK SIDE or to be used
by those who do. If you are a respectful blogger who has sincere
questions or comments please feel free to enter your comments
Thank You,
A.G.L. Buyer Beware

Wednesday, August 5, 2009

Vaccine danger alerts

Vaccine danger alerts

for those of you who dare to know

Wednesday, August 5, 2009

For a long time now people have been warning you about the dangers in flu shots and some of you don’t listen. Those of you who have stopped taking them are NONE THE WORSE FOR WEAR so:


Now we have a new danger, which the powers that be are possibly going to also force Americans especially children to take. This unproven dangerous agent is the new swine flu shot. Most of us who are doing our homework understand that the swine flu was created in a laboratory and then unleashed on the public before it spread.

Most of us who have done our homework know that what they put in flu shots are not only dangerous but when combined with other agents in the environment such as chemtrails, our water supply etc., the ingredients in flu shots combine to make a dangerous and toxic mix in our bodies.

I am sending this article on to you so that you can pass the word.

Below is a short article regarding of the experts George Noory spoke with on his radio program “Coast To Coast A.M.” regarding this issues.

The short article below is from Coast To Coast A.M. at:

Vaccinations & Health Concerns:

During the first three hours of Tuesday's show, a special program on vaccinations and health concerns featured homeopathic & acupuncture physician Dr. Robin Falkov and three experts in alternative healthcare she invited to participate in the discussion. Barbara Loe Fisher, the co-founder and president of the National Vaccine Information Center ( NVIC), pointed out that legislation passed in the wake of 9-11 allows experimental vaccines to be tested on Americans without liability, in the event of a "public health emergency." And now with the advent of Swine Flu, the US government may be planning forced inoculations in schools this fall. She noted that "adjuvants" added to vaccines to make them more potent can cause problems for certain people. Fisher and Falkov advised people to educate themselves on vaccine risks and specific public health laws in their state.

Dr. Andrew Moulden spoke about medical discoveries that connect vaccinations to chronic disorders and disease, such as autism, ADHD, Sudden Infant Death, and Gulf War Syndrome. He believes that vaccines impair blood flow and introduce brain and body damages. Further, a number of vaccines contain aluminum, which he said was particularly problematic.

Jane Burgermeister talked about her filing of criminal charges in Austria against Baxter Healthcare and WHO, related to Baxter’s Austrian subsidiary distributing 72 kilos of vaccine material contaminated with live bird flu virus to sixteen laboratories. She considers this an act of bioterrorism rather than an accident.

Falkov recommended the Vaccine Safety Manual by Neil Miller, and stressed that the possibility of mass vaccinations with an unproven, possibly toxic substance should serve as a wake-up call for people to join together on a community level and consider action.

For more information on these dangers and the links to those who George talked with above, click on the links below.



This link below will take you to Myron’s simple Blog format. Myron has agreed to publish my articles so that I can keep my anonymity. I have chosen not to create a website of my own for safety and security reasons. Myron promises to keep my anonymity. Here is the link to his blog:

This link below will take you to one of my articles “The Reds.” The owner of this website: Unexplained Net also publishes some of my other articles under various names such as Neil so that I can keep my anonymity:

Unexplainable.Net (The Reds)

warning to bloggers

Myron’s blog will not post any offensive blogs of any kind nor will this blog respond to bloggers who engage in this kind of behavior. This blog is a place to go to honestly discuss what is happening today and is not a venue to promote the DARK SIDE or to be used by those who do. If you are a respectful blogger who has sincere questions or comments please feel free to enter your comments at:

Thank You,

A.G.L. Buyer Beware

Sunday, August 2, 2009

Physical Descriptions of Jesus (Yashua) Explained

Sunday, August 2, 2009
His followers and his GENETICS, describe him as a SCANDINAVIAN WHO DID NOT
Bible also states this as fact:
Mark 16:6 “And he said to them, "(A)Do not be amazed; you are looking for Jesus
the (B)Nazarene, who has been crucified (C)He has risen; He is not here; behold, here
is the place where they laid Him.
Matthew 2: 23 Mark 1:24 Mark 10:47 Mark 14:67 Luke 4:34 Luke 24:19 Acts
For very devious reasons the formers of the Jewish and Roman Orthodox Catholic
and Christian religion would have you believe that he was born in Bethlehem in
Judah, however history and record keeping methods today tell a different story.
These documents, tell us that he was born in a Nazarene village in Northern Israel
west of the Sea of Galilee, east of the Mediterranean Sea and just below Mt. Carmel.
(See map above regarding Jesus (Yashua’s) home and teaching sites in Northern
Israel). On this map you will NOT find a location of the town of Nazareth because it
did not exist back during the life and times of Jesus (Yashua) at that point in human
history Nazareth was considered to be a village.
Keep in mind that a Jew was someone who practiced the Jewish religion. A Jew is
not a specific race of people. Many different people groups worshipped the Jewish
religion including black people. All the different races of people who practiced the
Jewish religion were called Jews. Most of these people lived in southern Judah,
which is the part of Israel where Jerusalem, Bethelem and Qumran are located.
TO CAIN who had red hair, green eyes and a crooked nose. These deceptive authors
also describe him as a Turk or Semite with dark hair dark- eyes. It was the Turkish,
Semite, Levi bloodline who bred with the Scandinavian populations in Southern
Russia. This genetically blended race later became the KHAZAR ZIONIST EMPIRE OF
ASHKENAZIM JEWS in Medo Persia, which is directly associated with ancient Babylon
ALIEN “FALLEN WATCHERS.” These false gods who “Flit and Flew” in “Chariots of
Fire” and “Whirling Wheels” aka UFO’s, were the GODS WORSHIPPED BY THE
IN THE OLD TESTAMENT this serpent bloodline is directly associated with the
Priests, Pharisees, Scribes, Levi’s and Phoenicians, “Sea People” etc., WHO ALSO
SECRET. They falsely identified Jesus (Yashua’s) features this way AS A WAY OF
left out of Bible Prophecy. Today they are the 13 MOST POWERFULL FAMLIES IN
Below you will find an article which includes the physical descriptions of Jesus
(Yashua), written by his contemporaries, which can be found on The Nazarene Way
of Essenic Studies Website.
Physical Descriptions of Jesus
The Oldest Views and Literary Data on the External
Appearance of Jesus the Nazarene
The Nazarene Way of Essenic Studies
The Oldest Views and Data on the External Appearance of Jesus. The Apocrypha and
Pseudepigrapha (§ 1). The Church Fathers (§ 2). Other Data (§ 3).Literary Data on the Oldest
Pictures of Jesus. Extant Pictures of Jesus. Portraits Ostensibly Authentic. Portraits by Painters,
Sculptors, etc. (§ 1). Alleged Supernatural Pictures (§ 2).Pictures of Jesus in Ancient Art. Symbolical
and Allegorical Representations (§ 1). Representations as Teacher and Lawgiver (§ 2).Origin of the
Pictures of Jesus. Iconoclasm: The Religious and Political Destruction of Sacred Images or
The Description of Publius Lentullus
The following was taken from a manuscript in the possession of Lord Kelly, and in his
library, and was copied from an original letter of Publius Lentullus at Rome. It being
the usual custom of Roman Governors to advertise the Senate and people of such
material things as happened in their provinces in the days of Tiberius Caesar, Publius
Lentullus, President of Judea, wrote the following epistle to the Senate concerning the
Nazarene called Jesus.
"There appeared in these our days a man, of the Jewish Nation, of great virtue,
named Yeshua [Jesus], who is yet living among us, and of the Gentiles is accepted
for a Prophet of truth, but His own disciples call Him the Son of God- He raiseth the
dead and cureth all manner of diseases. A man of stature somewhat tall, and
comely, with very reverent countenance, such as the beholders may both love and
fear, his hair of (the colour of) the chestnut, full ripe, plain to His ears, whence
downwards it is more orient and curling and wavering about His shoulders. In the
midst of His head is a seam or partition in His hair, after the manner of the
Nazarenes. His forehead plain and very delicate; His face without spot or wrinkle,
beautified with a lovely red; His nose and mouth so formed as nothing can be
reprehended; His beard thickish, in colour like His hair, not very long, but forked;
His look innocent and mature; His eyes grey, clear, and quick- In reproving
hypocrisy He is terrible; in admonishing, courteous and fair spoken; pleasant in
conversation, mixed with gravity. It cannot be remembered that any have seen Him
Laugh, but many have seen Him Weep. In proportion of body, most excellent; His
hands and arms delicate to behold. In speaking, very temperate, modest, and wise.
A man, for His singular beauty, surpassing the children of men"
The letter from Pontius Pilate to Tiberius Caesar
This is a reprinting of a letter from Pontius Pilate to Tiberius Caesar describing the
physical appearance of Jesus. Copies are in the Congressional Library in Washington,
A young man appeared in Galilee preaching with humble unction, A NEW LAW IN
THE NAME OF THE GOD THAT HAD SENT HIM. At first I was apprehensive
that His design was to stir up the people against the Romans, but my fears were
ROMANS THAN OF THE JEWS. One day I observed in the midst of a group of
people a young man who was leaning against a tree, calmly addressing the
multitude. I was told it was Jesus. This I could easily have suspected SO GREAT
HIS APPEARANCE A CELESTIAL ASPECT. He appeared to be about 30 years of
age. Never have I seen a sweeter or more serene countenance. WHAT A
BEARDS AND TAWNY COMPLEXIONS! Unwilling to interrupt Him by my
presence, I continued my walk but signified to my secretary to join the group and
listen. Later, my secretary reported that never had he seen in the works of all the
philosophers anything that compared to the teachings of Jesus. He told me that
Jesus was neither seditious nor rebellious, so we extended to Him our protection. He
was at liberty to act, to speak, to assemble and to address the people. THIS
Later, I wrote to Jesus requesting an interview with Him at the Praetorium. He
came. When the Nazarene made His appearance I was having my morning walk and
GUILTY CULPRIT, THOUGH HE WAS CALM. For some time I stood admiring
this extraordinary Man. There was nothing in Him that was repelling, nor in His
character, yet I felt awed in His presence. I TOLD HIM THAT THERE WAS A
Now, Noble Sovereign, these are the facts concerning Jesus of Nazareth and I have
taken the time to write you in detail concerning these matters. I say that such a man
who could convert water into wine, change death into life, disease into health; calm
Your most obedient servant,
Pontius Pilate
The Emerald of Caesar
This Likeness of Jesus was copied from a portrait carved on an emerald by order of
Tiberius Caesar, which emerald the Emperor of the Turks afterwards gave out of the
Treasury of Constantinople to Pope Innocent VIII for the redemption of his brother, taken
captive by the Christians.
"The Archko Volume"
Another description of Jesus is found in "The Archko Volume" which contains official
court documents from the days of Jesus. This information substantiates THAT HE
In a chapter entitled "Gamaliel's Interview" it states concerning Jesus (Yeshua)
"I asked him to describe this person to me, so that I might know him if I should
meet him. He said: 'If you ever meet him [Yeshua] you will know him. While he is
nothing but a man, there is something about him that distinguishes him from every
other man. He is the picture of his mother, only he has not her smooth, round face.
Jew [Nazarite] is convinced that he is the Messiah of the world. ...this was the same
person that was born of the virgin in Bethlehem some twenty-six years before..."
- The Archko Volume, translated by Drs. McIntosh and Twyman of the Antiquarian
Lodge, Genoa, Italy, from manuscripts in Constantinople and the records of the
Senatorial Docket taken from the Vatican of Rome (1896) 92-93
Josephus, the "Antiquities Of The Jews"
This is a quote from Josephus, from his historical first-century writings entitled,
"Antiquities Of The Jews," Book #18, Chapter 2, section 3.
"Now there was about this time Jesus, a wise man, if it be lawful to call him a man;
for he was a doer of wonderful works, a teacher of such men as receive the truth
with pleasure. He drew over to him both many of the Jews and many of the Gentiles.
He was [the] Christ. And when Pilate, at the suggestion of the principal men
amongst us, had condemned him to the cross, those that loved him at the first did
not forsake him; for he appeared to them alive again the third day, as the divine
prophets had foretold these and ten thousand other wonderful things concerning
Cornelius Tacitus, a Roman historian
Cornelius Tacitus was a Roman historian who lived circa 56-120 AD. He is believed to
have been born in France or Gaul into a provincial aristocratic family. He became a
senator, a consul, and eventually governor of Asia. Tacitus wrote at least four historic
treatises. Around 115 AD, he published Annals in which he explicitly states that Nero
prosecuted the Christians in order to draw attention away from himself for Rome's
devastating fire of 64 AD. In that context, he mentions Christus who was put to death
by Pontius Pilate.
Christus: Annals 15.44.2-8 "Nero fastened the guilt and inflicted the most exquisite
tortures on a class hated for their abominations, called Christians by the populace.
Christus, from whom the name had its origin, suffered the extreme penalty during
the reign of Tiberius at the hands of one of our procurators, Pontius Pilatus, and a
most mischievous superstition, thus checked for the moment, again broke out not
1. The Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha.
Neither the New Testament nor the writings of the earlier post-Biblical Christian
authors have any statements regarding the personal appearance of Jesus, thus
contrasting sharply with the Apocrypha and the Pseudepigrapha and especially
with the works of the Gnostics. In the "Shepherd" of Hermas (ix. 6, 12) the lofty
stature of the Son of God is emphasized, and according to the Gospel of Peter he
even towered above the heaven at his resurrection. Gnostic influence is betrayed by
visions in which Christ appears as a shepherd, or the master of a ship, or in the
form of one of his apostles, as of Paul and of Thomas, or again as a young boy. In
the Acts of Andrew and Matthew he assumes the figure of a lad, and the same form
is taken in the Acts of Peter and Andrew, in the Acts of Matthew, and in the
Ethiopic Acts of James. Manazara is healed by a youth in the Acts of Thomas, and a
beautiful lad appears to Peter and Theon in the Actus Vercellensis, which also
mentions the smile of friendship in the face of Jesus. A handsome youth with smiling
face appears at the grave of Drusiana in the Acts of John, but certain widows to
whom the Lord restored their sight saw him an, aged man of indescribable
appearance, though others perceived in him a youth, and others still a boy. The
youthfulness of Christ is also mentioned in the life and passion of St. C􂆮lus and the
2. The Church Fathers.
The early Christian authors were by no means concordant in their opinions of the
personal appearance of Jesus. SOME, BASING THEIR JUDGMENT ON ISA. III.
BEAUTIFUL OF MANKIND. To the former class belong Justin Martyr, Clement
of Alexandria, Basil, Isidor of Peluaium, Theodoret, Cyril of Alexandria, Tertullian,
and Cyprian. Origen declared that Christ assumed whatever form was suited to
circumstances. It was not until the fourth century that Chrysostom and Jerome laid
emphasis upon the beauty of Jesus. While Isidor of Pelusium had referred the
phrase, "THOU ART FAIRER THAN THE CHILDREN OF MEN" in Ps. xlv. 2, to
the divine virtue of Christ, Chrysotom interpreted the lack of comeliness mentioned
in Isa. liii. 2 as an allusion to the humiliation of the Lord. Jerome saw in the
profound impression produced by the first sight of Jesus upon disciples and foes
alike a proof of HEAVENLY BEAUTY IN FACE AND EYES. From the insults
inflicted upon Jesus Augustine concluded that he had appeared hateful to his
ALL, since the virgins had loved him.
3. Other Data.
The Problem of the life passion of St. C? us, and the external appearance of Jesus
possessed but minor interest for the Church Fathers, although the Catholic Acts of
the Holy Apostles ascribe to him an OLIVE COMPLEXION, A BEAUTIFUL
BEARD, AND FLASHING EYES. Further details are first found in a letter to the
Emperor Theophilus attributed to John of Damascus (in MPG, xcv. 349), which
speaks of the brows which grew together, the beautiful eyes, the prominent nose, the
curling hair, the look of health, the black beard, the wheat-colored complexion, and
the long fingers, a picture which almost coincides with a hand-book on painting
from Mt. Athos not earlier than the sixteenth century. In like manner, Nicephorus
Callistus, who introduced his description of the picture of Christ (MPG, cxlv. 748)
with the words, "as we have received it from the ancients," was impressed with the
healthful appearance, with the stature, the brown hair which was not very thick but
somewhat curling, the black brows which were not fully arched, the sea-blue eyes
shading into brown, the beautiful glance, the prominent nose, but brown beard of
moderate length, and the long hair which had not been cut since childhood, the neck
slightly bent, and the olive and somewhat ruddy complexion of the oval face. A
PREDECESSOR OF PONTIUS PILATE, who is said to have prepared a report to
the Roman Senate concerning Jesus and containing a description of him. According
to this document Christ possessed a tall and handsome figure, a countenance which
inspired reverence and awakened love and fear together, dark, shining, curling hair,
parted in the center in Nazarene fashion and flowing over the shoulders, an open
and serene forehead, a face without wrinkle or blemish and rendered more beautiful
by its delicate ruddiness, a perfect nose and mouth, a full red beard of the same
color as the hair and worn in two points and piercing eyes of a grayish-blue.
II. Literary Data on the Oldest Pictures of Jesus:
(1) A handkerchief embroidered with the figures of Jesus and his Apostles, and
made, according to legend, by his mother, is said to have been seen by the monk
Arculfus during his residence in Jerusalem (Adamnan, De Locis sanctis, i. 11 [12]).
(2) In his account of his visit to C􀹐rea Philippi, Eusebius mentions (Hist. eccl. vii.
18) a group of statuary in brass which consisted of a kneeling woman and a man
standing with his hands stretched out toward her. Local tradition saw in this a
figure of Jesus and the woman healed of an issue of blood, who was said to have
come from C􀹐rea Philippi. This legend was accepted by Eusebius, Asterius
Amasenus Photius, Sozomen, Philostorgius, and Macarius Magnes, the last-named
calling the woman Beronike. The actual meaning of the group is uncertain. Some
have seen in it an emperor and a province, possibly Hadrian and Judea while others
have regarded it as Ƴculapius and Hygeia, a view which is vitiated by the fact that
no mention is made of the serpent-staff characteristic of statues of the god of
healing. It is entirely possible that the group actually represented Christ and either
the woman with an issue of blood or possibly the woman of Canaan who implored
him to heal her daughter. (3) According to Iren浳 (H􀦪/i>., I., xxv. 6), pictures of
Christ were possessed by the Gnostic sect of Carpocratians, who crowned them with
garlands like the pictures of philosophers--Pythagoras, Plato, Aristotle, and others--
while, according to the Carpocratians, Pilate had a portrait of Jesus painted during
his lifetime, and the Carpocratian Marcellina possessed a picture of Christ which
she honored, like those of Paul, Homer, and Pythagoras, with prayer and incense.
(4) The Emperor Alexander Severus had a picture of Jesus; it must have been,
however, only an ideal portrait, like those of Apollonius, Abraham, Orpheus, and
others, which were also included in his lararium (Lampridius, Vita Alex. Sev. xxix.).
(5) A brass statue of the Savior was erected by Constantine the Great before the
main door of the imperial palace of Chalce (Theophanes in MPG, cviii. 817). (6) A
picture of Jesus "painted from life" was possessed by the Archduchess Margaret
which may be the same one as D 's altar-piece of St. Luke at Brussels (M.
Thausing, D , p. 420, Leipsic, 1876).
While the portraits just mentioned were prepared by human agency, there were
others to which a supernatural origin was ascribed. To this category belong (7) a
picture at Camulium in Cappadocia, apparently on cloth and perhaps a copy of that
of Edessa (see below). It was mentioned at the second Nicene Council and was
carried to Constantinople by Justin II., where it was regarded as so sacred that a
special festival was instituted in its honor, and it was frequently carried in war as a
potent icon (J. Gretsei opera, xv. 196-197, Regensburg, 1741). (8) In the war against
the Persians the General Philippicus had a picture of Christ which the Romans
believed to be supernatural in origin, and the same portrait served to quell a mutiny
in the army of Priscus, the successor of Philippicus. This icon was apparently on
cloth, and was a copy of an original which was frequently confounded with a
portrait in Amida, although the latter is expressly said to have been painted, and
was, consequently, natural in provenience (Zacharias, MPG, Ixxxv. 1159). (9) A
Syriac fragment mentions a picture of Jesus painted on linen and found unwet in a
spring by a certain Hypatia shortly after the Passion. This portrait left a miraculous
imprint on the napkin in which it was wrapped, and one of these pictures found its
way to C􀹐rea while the other was taken to Comolia (possibly identical with the city
of Camulium already mentioned), although a copy was later found at Dibudin (?)
(Lipsius, Die edessenische Abgarsage, p. 67, n. 1, Brunswick, 1880). (10) About 570 a
linen mantle was shown at a church in Memphis which bore the impress of the
Savior's face and was so bright that none could gaze at it (Antoninus Martyr, De
locis sanctisxliv.). (11)Byzantine literature frequently mentions pictures of Christ
impressed on bricks. According to a legend which presents several slight variations,
the portrait of himself which Jesus had sent to Abgar at Edessa was believed to have
been walled up to save it from the attack of King Ananun and to have been
rediscovered in 539 together with a brick which bore a miraculous copy of the
original (Georgius Cedrenus, ed. Bekker, i. 312, and others). (12) The patriarch
Germanus, when forced to leave Constantinople, is said to have taken with him a
picture of Christ which later came into the possession of Gregory II. (G. Marangoni,
Istoria dell' oratorio di San Lorenzo, pp. 78 sqq., Rome, 1747). (13) The cloth with a
picture of Christ presented by Photius to the hermit Paul at Latro in the ninth
century was merely a copy of a miraculous original, although only he to whom the
gift was made was able to perceive the portrait, others seeing only the cloth (Gretses,
ut sup. p,186). (14) More important than all other statements concerning the oldest
pictures of Christ is a passage of Augustine (De trin. viii. 4), stating that the
portraits of Jesus were innumerable in concept and design.
III. Extant Pictures of Jesus. 1. Portraits Ostensibly Authentic: 1. Portraits by
Painters, Sculptors, etc.
(1) The paintings of Luke, of which the best known are two at Rome. One of these is
in the chapel Sanctus Sanctorum, although the statement that Luke painted a
portrait of Jesus dates only from medieval times, the monk Michael, the biographer
of Theodore of Studium, being one of the earliest sources. In the last quarter of the
twelfth century the legend of Luke was interwoven by Wernher of Niederrhein with
the tradition of Veronica (see below). Luke, in answer to Veronica's entreaties, is
said to have made repeated attempts to portray Christ, but his endeavors were
unsuccessful. Jesus then impressed the image of his face upon the handkerchief of
Veronica. Another picture ascribed to Luke and painted on cloth is in the Vatican
library, while a third is said to have been placed in the cathedral of Tivoli by Pope
Simplicius. Other pictures are likewise ascribed to a similar provenience, and very
late traditions even attribute statues of Christ to the chisel of Luke. [In the church of
San Miniato at Monto, in the environs of Florence, Italy, is shown a portrait of
Christ, attributed to Luke.] (2) To Nicodemus is ascribed a statue of the crucified
Christ carved in black cedar and preserved in the Cathedral of Lucca. Its design
shows that it dates at the earliest from the eighth century, although tradition states
that the model of Nicodemus was furnished by the impress of the Savior's body on
the linen cloths purchased to cover the corpse at the descent from the cross. (3) A
"true and only portrait of our Savior taken from an engraved emerald which Pope
Innocent VIII. received from Sultan Bajazted II. for the ransom of his brother, who
was a captive of the Christians," frequently reproduced in photograph is in reality
the copy of a medal which may have been cut at the command of Mohammed II.,
and which is, at all events, of comparatively modern date. (4) The mosaic in the
Church of St. Praxedis in Rome, which is exhibited on festal occasions, is by no
means one of the earliest Christian mosaics, although tradition regards it as a
present to Pudens from the Apostle Peter.
2. Alleged Supernatural Pictures.
Alleged supernatural pictures may be divided into those which represent the entire
figure of Jesus, and those which give only his face. (1) Clothe of medieval date
containing more or less clear outlines of the figure of a man, all claiming to be the
"napkin" in which Jesus was wrapped in the grave and on which his image was
impressed, were formerly found in Chamb鲹, and until the end of the eighteenth
century, in Besan篮, while they still exist at Compi觮e and Turin, the latter
"napkin" being declared authentic by a bull of Sixtus IV. Far more famous,
however, are the cloths which bear only the impress of a head or face and of these
one of the best known is (2) the picture of Edessa, or the Abgar picture. According
to the Doctrine of Addai and Moses of Choren, Hanan, the envoy of the king of
Edessa, painted a portrait of Jesus and took it to his royal master. Evagrius, on the
authority of Procopius, states that Christ sent to the king a picture of miraculous
origin. The legend apparently arose about 350, and may well have been based on an
actual painting which remained at Edessa till 944, when it was brought to
Constantinople by the Emperor Romanus I. Its subsequent fortunes are uncertain,
although various cities laid claim to its possession, especially Genoa, Rome, and
Paris, the first-named city advancing the most probable arguments for authenticity
and receiving the confirmation of Pius IX. (see ABGAR).
This picture shows only the head of Jesus, but legend also knows a full-length
Edessene portrait on linen produced by contact with the body of Christ. It is
mentioned by Gervase of Tilbury in the beginning of the thirteenth century, who
bases his statement on ancient sources and says that it was exhibited on festivals in
the chief church of Edessa, and that on Easter it shows Jesus successively as a child,
boy, youth, young man, and in the ripeness of years. (3) One of the choicest
treasures of the Roman Church is the handkerchief of Veronica, which is shown
only on special occasions, particularly in Passion Week. This portrait is said to have
been transferred in 1297 by Boniface VIII. from the Hospital of the Holy Ghost to
St. Peter's in Rome, where it reposes behind the statue of St. Veronica. The picture,
which is now much faded, shows an elliptical face with a low-arched forehead, in
marked contrast with the long nose. The mouth is slightly open, and the scanty hair
is visible only on the temples. The beard on the cheeks is thin, but is stronger on the
chin, where it ends in three points, while the mustache is more conspicuous for color
than for strength. The eyes arched by scanty brows, are closed, and, combined with
features distorted by agony and stained with blood complete the picture of a martyr
pale in death. From the point of view of esthetics and the history of art, the picture
is probably Byzantine. Although one would expect the picture of Veronica to be
regarded as the napkin which covered the head of Christ, there is no tradition as to
its origin, although a mess of medieval legends connects it with the name of a
These may be divided into two classes. In the older group, apparently written
shortly before the ninth century, Veronica appears as the woman afflicted with an
issue of blood, who had a portrait of Jesus either painted by herself or at her
bidding, or else impressed by Christ himself upon a piece of cloth. The second form
of the legend sprang up in France and Germany in the course of the fourteenth
century and superseded the older version before 1500. According to this tradition,
Veronica gave the Savior a handkerchief on his way to Golgotha, and received it
back impressed with his features. Further amplifications of the tradition stated that
the napkin was brought to Rome by John VII., or even during the reign of Tiberius,
while it is certain that Celestine III. prepared a reliquary for it. At all events, what is
clear is that during the medieval period Rome possessed a cloth picture of Christ,
which was apparently supposed to be the miraculous impress of the head of Jesus in
the sepulcher. It is significant, moreover, that it bore the name sudarium before the
rise of the legend of the handkerchief given Christ to wipe his face on his way to the
cross, nor was it until the twelfth century that the name of Veronica even began to
form a part of the tradition, a connection suggested by a popular etymology of
Veronica as Vera *?* ("true image"), This legend of Veronica gave rise to a
tendency of art which reached its culmination in D , who represented the napkin
of Veronica and the Savior with a crown of thorns, combining the suffering in the
face of Jesus with the loftiness and the majesty of the Son of God, (4) The picture of
Christ in the apse of St. John Lateran at Rome is supposed to have been
miraculously produced when the church was dedicated by Pope Sylvester, although
it is in reality a mosaic of recent date.
2. Pictures of Jesus in Ancient Art: 1. Symbolical and Allegorical Representations.
In the course of time pictorial representations of Jesus became either real or
symbolical and allegorical, the latter tendency gradually giving way to the former.
To the category of symbols belong the fish, the lamb, the various monograms of
Christ, and the Good Shepherd, the last-named leading to representations of Jesus
in human form. As early as Tertullian the Good Shepherd adorned chalices, and it
was a favorite form of decoration in the catacombs, where the figure usually carries
a goat or a wether. In these pictures, often adorned with other animals, trees, and
shrubs, and based on Luke xv. 5; John x.; and Ps. xxiii., the Christ appears only in
youthful guise, although the Shepherd is usually clad in garments of a higher rank
and wears the Roman tunic and the pallium as well as sandals. The figure,
moreover, is Latin instead of Oriental in type, and represents a youthful and
beardless sometimes even boyish, figure, a round head with curling hair, and a
frank face with regular features. This type of picture, purely ideal as it was,
underwent evolution in the course of time. In the third century the face grew more
oval, while the unparted hair grew slightly over the forehead in the center and
flowed on the on the sides in wavy or curly locks.
2. Representation as Teacher and Lawgiver.
The first real impulse, however, to artistic representations of Jesus was given by his
miracles, though the risen Lord as a teacher and a lawgiver became more and more
a subject for pictorial representation. In the midst of all or a part of his disciples,
including Paul, Christ appears either on a plain, as in Spain and southern France,
or standing on a mountain either within or without the four rivers of Eden, or
sitting on a throne with his feet on a footstool or on the clouds while mosaics
represent him as seated on the celestial globe. As a teacher, he is depicted as
speaking and as holding a book or scroll either in his hand or on his bosom, while as
a lawgiver he proffers the Gospel to Peter or Paul. In both of these latter categories
the beardless, youthful type gradually grows less frequent, so that on Roman, Upper
Italian, and French sarcophagi the central Christ appears bearded, although in the
reliefs on their sides he wears no beard, the former representing the risen Lord and
the latter the earthly Savior. Originally a characteristic of the ascended Christ, the
beard was attributed to Jesus during his earthly ministry after the end of the fourth
or the beginning of the fifth century. The struggle between the two types is seen in
the mosaics of Sant'Apollinare Nuovo at Ravenna and of St. Michael, but the
earliest specimen of the bearded Christ is generally believed to be the socalled
Callistinian mosaic which was found in the catacomb of St. Domitilla. In conformity
with the manhood implied by the beard, the body increased in height and breadth,
while the features became more sharply defined as the bones gained in accentuation
over the flesh. The nose became longer and more prominent, and the eyes were
deeper and their pupils enlarged, while the angles of the nose and mouth were more
sharply outlined. The hair, while frequently less curling than hitherto, was now
represented as falling to the neck and shoulders, and was often parted in the middle.
The color both of the hair and of the beard varied through all shades from yellow to
gray and black. The upper lip was never clean-shaven, and the beard was sometimes
close and sometimes either pointed or rounded, the parted type being found only in
rudimentary form in early Christian art.
The bearded Christ represents the climax of the art of early Christianity, and the
fifth century ushered in a period of decay marked by all manner of exaggeration.
Majesty became stiffness, exaltation unapproachability, and earnestness gloom.
Thus the Christ of Saints Cosmas and Damian (q.v.) in Rome, dating from the sixth
century, is a figure with, long face, projecting cheek bones, ashen complexion,
attenuated nose, mane-like hair, and scanty beard.
It was the task of the Middle Ages to reduce the multiplicity of concepts of the
likeness of Christ to unity, a task which required centuries for its completion. The
Carolingian period saw a sort of fruitless recrudescence of the process of evolution
of the early Christian Period. Even during the Renaissance the beardless type
struggled for supremacy with the bearded, especially in miniatures and ivories, but
the former steadily lost ground, so that its last sporadic occurrence is a
Scandinavian Christ in glory of the thirteenth century, such pictures as the Piet༯i>
of Botticelli at Munich being mere anachronisms.
IV. Origin of the Pictures of Jesus:
While the theory may be advanced that the oldest pictures of Christ were based
either on works of art still more ancient or on tradition, it is practically certain that
they are not real portraits but ideal representations. This is clear both from their
extreme diversity and from the words of Augustine: "What his appearance was we
know not." The most primitive type, wherein early Christian and Gnostic
documents agree, is that of a boy or youth. The youthful vigor of the early Church
in religious and in moral thought, sustained by the belief in the second coming of the
Lord and strengthened by persecution, inspired the artist to depict the Christ as the
incarnation of undying youth, even as Noah, Job, Abraham, and Moses were
represented as beardless boys. Herein, too, lay the genesis of the concept of the Good
With the fourth and fifth centuries the bearded type was evolved side by side with
the beardless. The explanation of this change lies in the perfection, strength, and
manliness implied by the beard. The parted hair, on the other hand, which is
characteristic of the pictures of Christ in this period, especially in the mosaics,
typifies his earthly lineage and designates him as one of the children of Israel, since
of human beings only Jews and Judeo-Christians are represented with parted hair
in early Christian art. The theory, advanced by many scholars, that Greek religious
art influenced the various early Christian concepts of the personal appearance of
Christ seems to lack sufficient evidence to be in any wise conclusive.
In the 1930's, French Shroud scholar Paul Vignon described a series of common
characteristics visible in many early artistic depictions of Jesus. The Vignon
marking, as they are known, all appear on the Shroud suggesting that it is the
source of later pictures of Jesus.
Christ Pantocrator, c. 1100 from dome of Church at Daphni, near Athens. Note U at
bridge of nose, triangle on nose, raised right eyebrow, uneven hair, owlish eyes.
A square U-shape between the eyebrows.
A downward pointing triangle or V-shape just below the U-shape, on the bridge of
the nose.
Two wisps of hair going downward and then to the right.
A raised right eyebrow.
Large, seemingly "owlish" eyes.
An accent on the left cheek and an accent on the right cheek that is somewhat lower.
A forked beard and hair parted in the middle, a custom of the Nazarenes.
Hair on one side of the head that is shorter than on the other side.
An enlarged left nostril.
An accent line below the nose and a dark line just below the lower lip.
A gap in the beard below the lower lip.
Draped clothing of white linen typical of the ancient Essenes.
The religious and political destruction of sacred images or monuments
Literally, iconoclasm is religious and political destruction of the sacred images or
monuments, usually (though not always) of another religious group. People who
destroy such images are called iconoclasts, while people who revere or venerate such
images are called iconodules.
In 725 the Emperor Leo III, ignoring the opposition of both Patriarch Germanus of
Constantinople and Pope Gregory II in Rome, ordered the removal of all icons from
the churches and their destruction. Nearly all ancient images of Jesus were
destroyed during the iconoclastic periods in the eighth and ninth centuries.
Table of Contents
1 Byzantine iconoclasm 1.1 The first iconoclastic period: 730-787 1.2 The second
iconoclastic period: 813-843 2 Islamic iconoclasm 3 Reformation iconoclasm
Just as in our own time there is controversy about icons, so was there dispute in the
early Church. Early critics of icons included Tertullian, Clement of Alexandria,
Minucius Felix and Lactancius. EUSEBIUS WAS NOT ALONE IN FEARING
Byzantine Iconoclasm The first iconoclastic period: 730-787 Emperor Leo III the
Isaurian (reigned 717-741) banned the use of icons of Jesus, Mary, and the Saints
and commanded the destruction of these images in 730. The Iconoclastic
Controversy was fueled by the refusal of many Christians resident outside the
Byzantine Empire, including many Christians living in the Islamic Caliphate to
accept the emperor's theological arguments. St. John of Damascus was one of the
most prominent of these. Ironically, Christians living under Muslim rule at this time
had more freedom to write in defense of icons than did those living in the Byzantine
Empire. Leo was able to promulgate his policy because of his personal popularity
and military success - he was credited with saving Constantinople from an Arab
siege in 717-718 and then sustaining the Empire through annual warfare. The first
Iconoclastic period came to an end at the Second Council of Nicaea in 787, when the
veneration of icons was affirmed, although the worship of icons was expressly
forbidden. Among the reasons were the doctrine of the Incarnation: because God
the Son (Jesus Christ) took on flesh, having a physical appearance, it is now possible
to use physical matter to depict God the Son, and to depict the saints. Icon
veneration lasted through the reign of Empress Irene's successor, Nicephorus I
(reigned 802-811), and the two brief reigns after his. The second Iconoclastic
period: 813-843
Emperor Leo V (reigned 813-820) instituted a second period of Iconoclasm in 813,
which seems to have been less rigorously enforced, since there were fewer
martyrdoms and public destructions of icons. Leo was succeeded by Michael II, who
was succeeded by his son, Theophilus II. Theophilus died leaving his wife Theodora
regent for his minor heir, Michael III. Like Irene 50 years before her, Theodora
mobilized the iconodules and proclaimed the restoration of icons in 843. Since that
time the first Sunday of Lent is celebrated in the churches of the Orthodox tradition
as the feast of the "Triumph of Orthodoxy". Islamic Iconoclasm
Because of the prohibition against figural decoration in mosques - not, as is often
said, a total ban on the use of images - Muslims have on occasion committed acts of
iconoclasm against the devotional images of other religions. An example of this is the
2001 destruction of frescoes and the monumental statues of the Buddha at Bamiyan
by the Taliban, an element of the Islamist movement. In a number of countries,
conquering Muslim armies tore down local temples and houses of worship, and built
mosques on their sites. The Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem was built on top of the
remains of the Jewish Temple in Jerusalem. Similar acts occurred in parts of north
Africa under Muslim conquest. In India, numerous former Buddhist monasteries
and Hindu temples were conquered and rebuilt as mosques. In recent years, some
Hindu nationalists have attempted to tear down these mosques, and replace them
with Hindu Temples. This is part of the current conflict today between Indian
Hindu nationalists and Indian Islamists. Reformation Iconoclasm
Some of the Protestant reformers encouraged their followers to destroy Catholic art
works by insisting that they were idols. Huldreich Zwingli and John Calvin
promoted this approach to the adaptation of earlier buildings for Protestant
worship. In 1562, some Calvinists destroyed the tomb of St. Irenaeus and the relics
inside, which had been under the altar of a church since his martyrdom in 202. The
Netherlands (including Belgium) were hit by a large wave of Protestant iconoclasm
in 1566. This is called the Beeldenstorm. Bishop Joseph Hall of Norwich described
the events of 1643 when troops and citizens, encouraged by a Parliamentary
ordinance against superstition and idolatry, behaved thus:
'Lord what work was here! What clattering of glasses! What beating down of walls!
What tearing up of monuments! What pulling down of seats! What wresting out of
irons and brass from the windows! What defacing of arms! What demolishing of
curious stonework! what tooting and piping upon organ pipes! And what a hideous
triumph in the market-place before all the country, when all the mangled organ pipes,
vestments, both copes and surplices, together with the leaden cross which had newly
been sawn down from the Green-yard pulpit and the service-books and singing books
that could be carried to the fire in the public market-place were heaped together'.
BIBLIOGRAPHY: The Nazarene Way of Essenic Studies. A Painter's Study of the
Likeness of Christ from the Time of the Apostles, London, 1903; A. N. Didron,
Iconographie chr􂴩enne. Histoire de Dieu, Paris, 1843; W. Grimm, Die Sage vom
Ursprung der Christusbilder, pp. 121-175, Berlin, 1844; Mrs. Jameson, History of
our Lord as Exemplified in Works of Art, 2 vols., London, 1872; A Hauck, Die
Entstehung des Christustypus in der abendl䮤ischen Kunst, Heidelberg, 1880; T.
Heaphy, Likeness of Christ, New York, 1886 (illustrations valuable); H. M. A.
Guerber, Legends of the Virgin and Christ, with Special Reference to . . . Art, ib.
1896; E. M. Hurll, Life of Our Lord in Art, Boson, 1898 (valuable); E. von
Dobsch Christusbilder, Leipsic, 1899; F. W. Farrar, Life of Christ as
Represented in Art, London, 1900; J. L. French, Christ in Art, Boston, 1900; F.
Johnson, Have We the Likeness of Christ, Chicago, 1903: J. Burns, The Christ Face
in Art, New York, 1907; J. S. Weis-Liebersdorf, Christus- und Apostelbilder,
Freiburg, 1902; J. Heil, Die fr ristlichen Darstellungen der Kreuzigung Christi,
Leipsice, 1904; K. M. Kaufmann, Handbuch der christlichen Arch䯬ogie,
Paderborn, 1905; G. A. M r, Die liebliche Gestalt Jesu Christ, nach der
schriftlichen und monumentalen Urtradition, Styria, 1909.